in that they are born out of deep respect for these countries and their people, and the belief that they deserve the best electoral and parliamentary models available for their needs. Living in these countries has been one of the greatest privileges of my life. So like many I long to see such nations prosperous, fairly governed and free from civil unrest, political turmoil and corruption. Therefore any criticism made relates only to the electoral, parliamentary and political models inappropriately used, corrupted or unsuitably applied to these countries and is never intended as a criticism of either Zimbabwe, Nigeria or other African countries and their proud people. Introduction, Throughout the world many nations have endured continuous political turmoil, yet within the same countries businesses, national and international industries and other well-established institutions continue to prosper, often for decades under systems of governance more than equal to the complexities of any nation. Although not without disagreements and healthy debate among the different parties within their system of governance, such organisations thrive and prosper because of their reliance on a suitable political model, and a stronger common interest in the well-being and successful progress of all whom they represent. However many nations fail to use their common interest in the country’s well-being as a whole as a means of achieving this. As a result many governments are permanently occupied by infighting and political games to gain and preserve their majority rather than concentrating on the common interests of the nation. In their infancy political models of the developed world served a nation’s basic needs for breathable air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep, safety, protection from the elements, security, law and order, social limits and stability. Today such systems of governance have evolved to meet their nations’ higher order needs of self-esteem, achievement, mastery, independence, status, dominance, prestige, managerial responsibility and other personal esteem properties. Any nation in its political infancy must first apply a model that is robust and in essence guaranteed to serve the basic needs of a nation. Only then can they develop models closer to that of those now serving the developed world.